S.C. Arts Awards Spotlight Series: Carrie Ann Power
Governor's Award: Arts in Education CategoryAs the day nears for the 2022 South Carolina Arts Awards, The Hub is focusing on this year's recipients: four receiving the South Carolina Governor's Awards for the Arts and three receiving the Jean Laney Harris Folk Heritage Award, which are managed jointly by the South Carolina Arts Commission and McKissick Museum at the University of South Carolina.
Carrie Ann Power has been an arts educator and advocate in South Carolina for more 30 years.[caption id="attachment_50351" align="alignright" width="350"] Carrie Ann Power (center) receives her Governor's Award from SCAC Executive Director David Platts and Board Chairwoman Dee Crawford on May 18, 2022. Click image to enlarge. SCAC photo.[/caption] Her arts education career began in 2004 as the fine arts department chair, grant manager, and visual arts teacher at East Aiken School of the Arts (EASOA) until 2015. During that time, she wrote and received arts grants on behalf of the school totaling more than $320,000 to transform EASOA by adding full-time dance and theatre programs. She managed South Carolina Department of Education (SCDE) Distinguished Arts Program and Arts in Basic Curriculum (ABC) Project grants for 10 years. Power developed and implemented all aspects of the EASOA after-school arts program and obtained community donations to fund scholarships that awarded access to low-income families. During her tenure she was also coordinator of Curriculum Leadership Institute in the Arts, which improves and enhances pedagogy of arts lesson plans based on the 2010 S.C. Visual and Performing Arts Academic Standards with week-long summer sessions for teachers. The SCDE was Power’s next stop, and she served as the education associate for visual and performing arts from 2015 until 2019. She oversaw the development of K-12 Design Standards for visual and performing arts and later coordinated their revisions. She also managed the Archibald Rutledge Scholarship Program, in which 12th-grade students vie for a scholarship in creative writing, dance, music, theatre, or visual arts. She served an active role on notable state arts or arts education boards, including: the S.C. Art Education Association (elementary division coordinator), S.C. Music Educators Association, Governor’s School for the Arts and Humanities (designee of the state superintendent of education), Palmetto State Arts Education, South Carolina Arts Alliance, and Aiken Performing Arts Board. She also served the ABC Project on the coordinators committee and continues to serve on the ABC advisory committee. In her community, she supports educational outreach programs that bring professional artists into schools and works on the board for Joye in Aiken, a nonprofit organization dedicated to making the best in the performing arts available to its citizens, and especially for students. Power received a bachelor’s degree in art education from Mansfield University in 1990 and a Master of Education in curriculum and instruction from Leslie University in 2007.
The South Carolina Arts Awards are coming live to SCETV on Monday, June 13, 2022 at 9 p.m. ET. South Carolina ETV, the state’s public educational broadcasting network, will broadcast the awards ceremony through its 11-station TV network that spans the state. Viewers can access the broadcast via livestream on the homepage of SCETV.org; by using a digital antenna; or through cable, satellite, and streaming live TV providers. Further information about accessing SCETV is available here.
Local author brings historical exhibition to Aiken middle school
During March 2022 and beyond, Aiken Center for the Arts connects students at Schofield Middle School with local author Dr. Walter Curry through an author in residence program to enrich the study of South Carolina and African American history as it is depicted in his books.Curry’s work brings Aiken County’s African American history to life through the narratives of his own family. Discussions of the narratives in his books initiate conversation about the past to help students shape the narratives of their future. Combining education, creativity, and passion into student engagements, Dr. Curry shares real life ancestral stories in his books, The Thompson Family: Untold Stories from The Past (1830-1960) and The Awakening: The Seawright-Ellison Family Saga, Vol. 1, A Narrative History, which connect to the 8th grade South Carolina Social Studies Standards. [caption id="attachment_50193" align="alignright" width="450"] Dr. Curry speaks to students from the floor of the school gymnasium as they look on from bleachers. Provided photo. Click to enlarge.[/caption] Schofield students are reading Curry's second book The Awakening: The Seawright-Ellison Family Saga, Vol. 1, A Narrative History, and discussions focus on the sharecropping experiences of Dr. Curry’s ancestors who lived in Barnwell and Aiken counties. Curry points out that “this book is pertinent to Schofield students as it also incorporates Schofield Normal and Industrial Institute history with the story of Schofield graduate Floster L. Ellison Jr. who was a World War II veteran and co-founded the Palmetto State Barbers Association during the Civil Rights Movement in 1960.” Dr. Curry talks about these narratives that are in the book and engages students by leading them through an exhibition of artifacts and images exploring sharecropping life of his ancestors in the book, showing that history is alive and an important source of connection to our communities. Mrs. Whetstone, who teaches South Carolina history and African American History to 8th graders at Schofield, speaks to the project's relevance. “When you teach history, you teach a lot of dates and sometimes we don’t make the connections. Dr. Curry’s work is the connection. It shows that this happened to Dr. Curry’s family it happened to your family. It happened to all of us. We study the diaspora of African American culture starting from slavery. When you get to reconstruction you understand that we already had those civil rights but had to work through it. Society is not going to be able to move ahead unless we can have these kinds of discussions,” she said. Aiken Center for the Arts believes in the importance of this Author in Residence program because it uniquely delivers our mission by sharing a local voice of untold stories from Aiken County’s African American history, by inspiring area youth through the personal story Curry shares of his journey to authorship alongside the educational enrichment Curry’s books provide as those narratives give real life examples of the concepts taught in the standards. Supporting local artists and authors through the Author in Residence program celebrates rich human resources that are among us while opening opportunities for deeper understanding of the human experience. This project is funded in part by SC Humanities, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The South Carolina Cotton Museum and Jerry Morris, author of the book Barnwell County, are also contributors to this engagement.
For more information contact Caroline Gwinn, executive director of Aiken Center for the Arts: firstname.lastname@example.org or call the Arts Center at 803.641.9094.
Tuning Up: One year of ARP funding, Art Walk returns to Aiken
Good morning!"Tuning Up" is a morning post series where The Hub delivers curated, quick-hit arts stories of interest to readers. Sometimes there will be one story, sometimes there will be several. Get in tune now, and have a masterpiece of a day. And now, in no particular order...
NEA marks one year of ARP reliefIt is almost hard to believe, but it has been one year since President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan to assist recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The National Endowment for the Arts released an informative fact sheet about how it put its $135 million to work through three phases. It's worth noting that the SCAC received almost $819,000 in ARP funding from the NEA to grant to arts organizations. ARP ESSER funding provided the funding for the SCAC and South Carolina Department of Education to initiate the partnership now known as Arts Grow SC to address pandemic-related learning loss.
Aiken announces 11th annual Art WalkFriday trivia! What event brings together emerging and established visual and performing artists, farmers and artisans, arts organizations, locals, and tourists during one of professional golf's holiest weeks? Nothing gets by you, dear reader. The city of Aiken announced last week that its Art Walk will return Tuesday, April 5 in the run-up to The Masters at nearby Augusta National Golf Club April 7-10.
[caption id="attachment_48939" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Artist or arts org in South Carolina? There is very likely arts project support available for YOU. Click graphic to learn more.[/caption]
Rural arts and culture initiative expands to 15 counties
Addressing local issues with S.C. Arts Commission program[caption id="attachment_45057" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Mavens join heads and hands to celebrate their local communities and discuss shared challenges in a January meeting in Eastover, South Carolina, hosted by Michael Dantzler. Shown l to r, mavens and their corresponding counties: Brooke Bauer, Catawba Indian Nation/York; Marquerite Palmer, Newberry; Lottie Lewis, Allendale; Betty McDaniel, Pickens; Victoria Smalls, Beaufort; Evelyn Coker, Barnwell; Audrey Hopkins-Williams, Hampton; Libby Sweatt-Lambert, Chester; Luis Rodriguez (seated), Marion; Johnny Davis, Jasper; Michael Dantzler, Richland; and Matt Mardell, Colleton. Photo credit: Sherard Duvall, OTR Media.[/caption]
For Immediate Release
Across South Carolina, an initiative called The Art of Community: Rural SC has taken root, creating new networks, community engagement, partnerships and energy to change minds and build communities together.The initiative, a program of the South Carolina Arts Commission (SCAC), poses a central question: “How can we use arts and culture as strategic tools to address local challenges we face?” “It’s growing, and it’s always a learning opportunity,” said Matt Mardell, executive director of the Colleton Museum, Farmers Market and Commercial Kitchen in Walterboro, South Carolina. Mardell is one of the ‘mavens’ for The Art of Community; Rural SC. He said that, as part of this network of rural leaders and their teams, he is “hearing others’ creative solutions to issues we all face.” He and his predecessor, Gary Brightwell, have participated in the initiative with five other mavens from throughout a six-county Lowcountry region since it was conceived in 2015 and launched in 2016. Mavens in other counties include: Lottie Lewis of Allendale; Dr. Yvette McDaniel representing Bamberg; Evelyn Coker of Barnwell; Audrey Hopkins-Williams of Hampton; and Johnny Davis representing Jasper County. The growth Mardell references is an expansion of the initiative in 2019 that includes a broader swath of rural South Carolina. Nine additional mavens represent their communities from the mountains to the sea and myriad cultures in between. They include the following community leaders and their corresponding counties: Kayla Hyatt-Hostetler of Aiken; Victoria Smalls of Beaufort; Lydia Cotton of Berkeley; Libby Sweatt-Lambert representing Chester; Luis Rodriguez representing Marion; Marquerite Palmer of Newberry; Betty McDaniel of Pickens; Michael Dantzler of Richland; and Dr. Brooke Bauer with co-maven Laney Buckley of The Catawba Indian Nation in York County. How does the initiative work? “It’s a framework built with four critical components: mavens, local teams, partners and advisors coupled with a state arts agency willing to invest in rural and tribal communities in a new way,” said Community Arts Development Director Susan DuPlessis of the arts commission. All 15 teams, created and led by the mavens, gather locally and as a statewide network to get to know each other better, to listen, and to consider their local assets and challenges—ultimately, to learn together. "Mavens are 'the bridges' who make this initiative work," DuPlessis said. "Knowing that I have a community beyond my community has bolstered me in my local work," said maven Lottie Lewis of Allendale. As part of this initiative, Lewis led members of her local team on a fact-finding field trip to Tamaqua, Pennsylvania, in 2019. They went to explore how another small, rural town had spurred connection and growth using arts and culture. They then planned to integrate some of that learning into their local project. “We learned so much from our new friends in Tamaqua,” Lewis said. “We were inspired by how they engaged their local community to share their ideas about where they live.” Allendale’s local project plan, though, along with the plans of the other 14 sites in this initiative, took an unexpected turn beginning in the spring of 2020. “We all had to shift in how we were engaging with one another and ask what our roles are in this moment of quarantine and separation,” according to DuPlessis who said many of the participating teams shifted their focuses to react to the circumstances created by the COVID-19 pandemic and mounting social justice issues. Since March 20, the arts commission has convened mavens in weekly meetings to continue the practice of sharing, listening and learning together. "That's what's been so important to me and other mavens who I now count as dear friends," Lewis said. She also notes the spirit of the initiative which, built on trust and relationships, has allowed for flexibility with grant-funded local projects in this “uncertain time.” Each of The Art of Community: Rural SC teams received a $7,500 grant award in FY20 to engage and build community in ways that use arts and culture strategically. “Project plans in January 2020 didn’t look the same three months later in March,” DuPlessis said. Some communities planning festivals and other gatherings have had to postpone those for now. In a number of cases, mavens and their teams retrofitted their projects to respond to the current context and include the following examples:
- In Aiken, in addition to getting helpful information out about the pandemic, the local project also incorporated the NextGen fight for equality, justice and respect for all people through the creation of a ‘peaceful protest’ linking them with other students around the country;
- In Allendale, the local project’s focus became community engagement through a celebration of frontline pandemic workers as ‘hometown heroes;’
- In Bamberg County, the local team developed a 'Little People's Learning Page' to accompany the local newspaper and address learning in a fun, creative way for students who are isolated from one another;
- In Barnwell County, the Town of Blackville team developed a new dance called ‘The Wagon Wheel’ to engage its residents on social media in a healthy activity during a time of isolation;
- In Beaufort County, a collective of Gullah Geechee artists used their voices and talents for public service announcements that address safety protocols for the pandemic;
- In Berkeley County, a Spanish-language video was created to remind its community of best practices for reducing infection rates; and
- In Chester County, the town of Fort Lawn team partnered with local businesses and state parks to showcase artists' and entrepreneurs' work to help generate income during this time of economic distress.
ABOUT THE SOUTH CAROLINA ARTS COMMISSION With a commitment to excellence across the spectrum of our state’s cultures and forms of expression, the South Carolina Arts Commission pursues its public charge to develop a thriving arts environment, which is essential to quality of life, education, and economic vitality for all South Carolinians. Created by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1967, the Arts Commission works to increase public participation in the arts by providing grants, direct programs, staff assistance and partnerships in three key areas:
- arts education,
- community arts development,
- and artist development.
Eight NEA grants designated for South Carolina
Federal government to provide $155,000 in funding
Chairman Mary Anne Carter announced today that organizations in every state in the nation, as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, will receive federal funding for arts projects from the National Endowment for the Arts in this round of fiscal year 2020 funding. Overall, 1,187 grants totaling $27.3 million will provide Americans opportunities for arts participation, and this year include projects that celebrate the Women's Suffrage Centennial. “The National Endowment for the Arts is proud to support grants throughout the entire country that connect people through shared experiences and artistic expression,” said Arts Endowment Chairman Mary Anne Carter. “These projects provide access to the arts for people of all abilities and backgrounds in both urban centers and rural communities.” This funding announcement includes the Art Works and Challenge America grant programs.
- Click here for a list of recommended grantees sorted by city and state.
- Click here for a list of recommended grantees separated by category: Art Works (sorted by artistic discipline/field) and Challenge America.
- Click here to use the Arts Endowment’s grant search tool to find additional project details for these and other agency-supported grants.
- Click here for the lists of the panelists that reviewed the applications for this round of funding.
Art WorksArt Works grants support artistically excellent projects that celebrate our creativity and cultural heritage, invite mutual respect for differing beliefs and values, and enrich humanity. Cost share/matching grants range from $10,000 to $100,000. Art Works projects this round include:
- A $30,000 award to Shreveport Regional Arts Council to support the new arts partnership with historically black universities Southern University at Shreveport and Grambling State University, documenting and celebrating the schools' artist alumni, who will be commissioned for artist talks, workshops, and residencies.
- A $10,000 award to support the Bristol Bay Heritage Land Trust’s Yup'ik Dance Festival, where singers and dancers from villages in southwest Alaska will gather to exchange songs and dances, celebrating traditional dance in the region. The event will be the subject of a documentary film that will serve as an educational tool for future dancers.
- A $45,000 award to support the 2020 Open Style Lab Summer Program in Great Neck, New York, which will bring together emerging fashion designers, product designers, engineers, and rehabilitation therapists to co-design adaptive clothing for people with disabilities.
- A $20,000 award to the Appalachian Artisan Center of Kentucky to support Metalworks for the Modern Muse. Master artists will offer metalworking and blacksmithing instruction, highlighting its relevance to Appalachian culture. Intended to serve girls ages 12-14, the project will recognize the contributions of women artists to the suffrage movement and the reforms that laid the groundwork for settlement schools in Kentucky.
- A $15,000 award to the Chautauqua Institution to support Women’s Suffrage Centennial: Claiming a Voice, Claiming a Vote, a week-long summer opera festival that will highlight new works by a female composer-in-residence. The festival will be preceded by school performances addressing the centennial of women’s suffrage. Selected works will illustrate the challenges women have faced and the victories claimed throughout the past 100 years.
Challenge AmericaChallenge America grants offer support primarily to small and mid-sized organizations for projects that extend the reach of the arts to populations that have limited access to the arts due to geography, ethnicity, economics, or disability. Each grant is for a fixed amount of $10,000 and requires a minimum $10,000 cost share/match. Challenge America projects approved for funding include:
- A series of multidisciplinary Latinx cultural heritage arts events at Rio Hondo College in Whittier, California, a first-time applicant for Arts Endowment funding. Artists will engage with the college’s largely Hispanic district population through workshops, school activities, dance, and music performances. Among the featured guest artists is National Heritage Fellow Ofelia Esparza and a culminating event will include a Dia de los Muertos panel discussion with guest artists.
- NOMADstudio’s visual art program for incarcerated youth at Florida’s Pinellas Regional Juvenile Detention Center. Guest artists will work with youth to create a mural and provide instruction on how to produce art independently during studio time. Artworks will be displayed during culminating events at the center and a local art gallery.
- Theatre for Young America’s production of the play Fair Ball: Negro Leagues in America, about the history of Negro League baseball, and corresponding educational activities that include in-school workshops for K-12 students in rural Kansas.
About the National Endowment for the ArtsEstablished by Congress in 1965, the National Endowment for the Arts is the independent federal agency whose funding and support gives Americans the opportunity to participate in the arts, exercise their imaginations, and develop their creative capacities. Through partnerships with state arts agencies, local leaders, other federal agencies, and the philanthropic sector, the Arts Endowment supports arts learning, affirms and celebrates America’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and extends its work to promote equal access to the arts in every community across America. Visit arts.gov to learn more.
Juilliard students help high school singers give voice to their art
[caption id="attachment_39376" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Aiken Standard photo.[/caption] From reporting by the Aiken Standard:
High school students gave youthful voices Wednesday to an early art form that dates back to Italy in the late 1500s.
As part of Joye in Aiken's educational outreach program, students from the S.C. Governor's School for the Arts and Humanities in Greenville sang works from early Baroque opera during a master class conducted by students from The Juilliard School's Ellen and James S. Marcus Institute of Vocal Arts.Joye in Aiken receives grant support from the S.C. Arts Commission. Read the full story from the Aiken Standard here.
Six students advance to state ‘Poetry Out Loud’ finals
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 24 January 2018
- Regional competitions yield six finalists
- State finals to be held March 10 in Columbia
- Winner advances to national competition in Washington, D.C.
(l-r: Keegan Dustin, Janae Claxton, Sha'Kaila Stewart, Taylor Elisse Wade, Alexia Story, and Grant Butler)The following six state regional winners, three from each of two regions, will compete Saturday, March 10, 2018 at the Richland Library Main Branch in Columbia for the opportunity to be the South Carolina representative in the national finals April 23-25, 2018 in Washington, D.C.:
- Grant Butler (Aiken High School in Aiken)
- Janae Claxton (First Baptist Church High School in Charleston)
- Keegan Dustin (Charleston County School of the Arts in Charleston)
- Sha’Kaila Stewart (Whale Branch Early College High School in Seabrook)
- Alexia Story (Buford High School in Lancaster)
- Taylor Elisse Wade (Andrew Jackson High School in Lancaster)
ABOUT POETRY OUT LOUD Poetry Out Loud helps students master public speaking skills, build self-confidence, and learn about literary history and contemporary life. Created by the National Endowment for the Arts and the Poetry Foundation in 2005, Poetry Out Loud is administered in partnership with the State arts agencies of all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. Poetry Out Loud offers more than $100,000 is prizes and school stipends each year. It provides free teacher resources and a comprehensive website with a large anthology of classic and contemporary poems, audio and video clips, as well as complete contest information. Since its establishment, Poetry Out Loud has grown to reach nearly 3.5 million students and 50,000 teachers from 10,000 schools across the country. For more information, visit PoetryOutLoud.org.
ABOUT THE SOUTH CAROLINA ARTS COMMISSION The South Carolina Arts Commission is the state agency charged with creating a thriving arts environment that benefits all South Carolinians, regardless of their location or circumstances. Created by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1967, the Arts Commission works to increase public participation in the arts by providing services, grants, and leadership initiatives in three areas:
- arts education,
- community arts development,
- and artist development.
Juilliard in Aiken Festival to feature Saint Matthew Passion
A Grammy-nominated conductor and choir. Some of the world’s most accomplished musicians. The greatest music ever written, telling the greatest story ever told. It’s the kind of powerhouse combination that few people outside of the world’s major cities expect to experience. And yet all of those superlatives come together in Aiken on March 14, 2014, when the centerpiece of Juilliard in Aiken’s sixth annual Performing Arts Festival and Outreach Program – Johann Sebastian Bach’s monumental Saint Matthew Passion – is performed. “It’s truly a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for all of us in this area,” said Betty Ryberg, president of Juilliard in Aiken. “This will be the debut performance of a joint production by the famed Juilliard School and Trinity Wall Street Choir, which is one of the most acclaimed choral groups anywhere. And the performance will take place in the weeks leading up to Easter, so the timing could not be more perfect.” The Passion, as it is known, will be the final concert of the Juilliard in Aiken Festival, which will run March 9 - 14. Composed in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestras, the piece recounts the story of Christ’s final days. It is widely considered to be the most important single work in Western music. The Passion will be performed at First Baptist Church in Aiken at 7 p.m. on Friday, March 14. The Trinity Wall Street Choir, based at Trinity Church in Manhattan, is one of the country’s most acclaimed professional vocal ensembles. It is especially known for its world-class performances and recordings of Bach’s music. In 2013, the choir was nominated for a Grammy, as was its conductor, Julian Wachner. In 2012, the Trinity Choir was selected by the Rolling Stones to perform at the final concert of their 50th anniversary tour and sang “You Can’t Always Get What You Want” with the legendary rock band. Joining the Trinity Choir in this new production of the Passion will be instrumentalists from Juilliard 415, Juilliard’s renowned historical performance ensemble, and soloists from Juilliard’s vocal program. Ryberg noted that it was a significant honor for Juilliard to select Aiken as the site of the production’s premiere. She attributed the honor to “the existence of Juilliard in Aiken, the success of past festivals, and the warm welcome that Juilliard has found here, as well as the Juilliard students’ fondness for Aiken.” Thanks to private funding, the production will travel to Atlanta following its Aiken debut. The final performance will take place in Alice Tully Hall at Lincoln Center in New York. Juilliard in Aiken is inviting local choral groups to participate in a citywide celebration of the Passion in the months leading up to the performance. Groups from area churches, schools and other organizations will take part in a variety of ways. A Choral Celebration in February will showcase the talents of area choir directors and singers, and in March, Wachner will work with participating choirs in a special Juilliard-in-Aiken Choral Workshop. In addition to the Passion, the 2014 Festival schedule will include other public performances and an extensive program of outreach to area schools. Last year, the Festival reached more than 5,000 students. During the summer of 2013, Juilliard in Aiken also sponsored a Jazz Camp at USC Aiken. About Juilliard in Aiken Juilliard in Aiken was founded in 2009 after Aiken authors Greg Smith and Steven Naifeh bequeathed their home, Joye Cottage, to The Juilliard School as an out-of-town residence for Juilliard artists. The nonprofit organization receives no funds from The Juilliard School and depends on local fundraising and grants to present its Festival performances and educational outreach programs. For more information, visit www.juilliardinaiken.com. Via: Juilliard in Aiken
Groundhog kilns: firing pottery the traditional way
This Aiken Standard article spotlights the groundhog kiln - a wood-burning furnace used by some potters in Aiken and Edgefield counties that are similar to the ones that were around in the 1800s. (Story and photos by DeDe Biles. View additional photos.) Images: Left - master potter Justin Guy of Old Edgefield Pottery adds wood to the fire in the groundhog kiln owned by the Edgefield County Historical Society. Right - These face jugs and other pieces made by potter Gary Dexter were fired in the groundhog kiln at Gaston Livery Stable.
In an era when high-tech gadgets are all the rage, groundhog kilns remind us of the way things used to be. The wood-burning furnaces used by some potters in Aiken and Edgefield counties today are similar to the ones that were around in the 1800s. “It's the traditional way of making pottery down here in the South,” said Gary Dexter, who built the groundhog kiln at Gaston Livery Stable, a historic barn on Richland Avenue, in 2012. Dexter, who has been a potter for approximately 17 years, focuses on creating old-style, alkaline-glazed stoneware. He fashions pots, face jugs and other pieces from a mixture of two types of clay that he digs himself. Then he fires them in the Livery Stable's groundhog kiln. “It's like a giant chimney that has been laid down on the ground,” Dexter said. “It's about 7 feet wide by 14 feet long. There is a fire box on one end and a short chimney around 5 feet tall on the other.” The kiln is made of refractory bricks that can withstand high temperatures. Dexter placed dirt and rocks along the sides of the kiln to hold it together. “It's kind of partially buried in the ground, and it looks like a groundhog's burrow,” he said. The kiln can hold 150 pieces of pottery. The clay they are made of hardens during the firing process, when the temperature inside the furnace rises to more than 2,000 degrees. Meanwhile, the glazes on the pottery melt and become shiny. “I use pine wood, and the firing usually takes about 30 hours,” Dexter said. “Then it takes about four days for the kiln to cool down.” Gaston Livery Stable is in the process of being restored, and the kiln “will be one of the anchors we are going to have here,” Dexter said. “As the restoration moves forward, we will have living history days when people will be making crafts and other things from back in the time when this barn was built, which was 1893.” Dexter has a pottery studio at Gaston Livery Stable, and his apprentice, Siva Aiken, works there with him. The Edgefield County Historical Society owns a groundhog kiln located near the intersection of U.S. 25 and S.C. 430. It is bigger than Gaston Livery Stable's furnace. “Ours is 22 feet long and about 8 feet wide in the middle,” said Master Potter Justin Guy of Old Edgefield Pottery. “We have 90 cubic feet to fill up, and we can put between 250 and 300 pots inside. But we've found that the kiln fires better if we put in fewer and strategically place the pots.” The kiln has been operating since 2011. “We built it in six to eight weeks,” Guy said. “It's made of High-Fired Super Duty bricks (which have a temperature rating between 3,000 and 3,150 degrees).”